Finance AVP Job Satisfaction

Work-life balance as a Finance AVP is a term used for the idea that an individual needs time for both work and other aspects of life (personal interests, family and leisure activities).

Our schedules are getting busier than ever before, which often causes our work or our personal lives to suffer. The compounding stress of Finance AVP from never-ending workday is damaging. It can hurt relationships, health and overall happiness.

The Role of the Purchasing Manager

The best work-life balance is different for each of us because we all have different lives and different priorities. Work-life balance doesn’t mean an equal balance. There is no perfect balance you should be striving for. At the core of work-life balance is meaningful daily Achievement and Enjoyment.

How Do You Develop Resilience

When employees feel a greater sense of control and ownership over their own lives, they tend to have better relationship with management and tend to feel more motivated and less stressed out at work, which in turn increases company productivity and reduces conflicts.

Companies that encourage work-life balance have become very attractive to workers. These companies also tend to enjoy higher employee retention rates and more loyalty. Promoting balance is beneficial to both employees and companies.

Motivation is the characteristic that is required in order to achieve anything in life; without it you will give up at the first sign of adversity. It means to inspire, instigate and encourage a person to do their best. Motivation will compel a person to think "If I can't, then I must" and will cause them to do whatever it takes to become successful. If you inspire motivation it can change your life. You will be inspired to get what you want regardless of what people tell you that you can not do. I have personally seen people apply the motivation factors in life to get from poverty to a life filled with abundance.

Do you think you possess the quality? Only you can answer this question. Take a honest look at yourself; do you find yourself pursuing your goals everyday? Are you doing something to work towards them regardless of what is going on in your life? If you are then you; then my friend you do possess this characteristic and you will reach all your goals. I wake up at 5:00 in the morning to get started on my goals. I am passionate about reaching all my goals. Do you find yourself doing this or are you making excuses of why you can not work on a goal?

It will give you the passion to begin exploring what it is you really want to do in life, and give you the courage to follow your dreams. If you do not like where you currently are and are living life everyday unhappy and frustrated; it probably is because you do not possess any motivation for what you are currently doing. It is up to you to find out what you would really like to be doing with your life. What kind of lifestyle do you want? What kind of career do you want? Do you actually know what it is that would make you happy and excited about getting up out of bed in the morning?

This is a strong quality for anyone to possess; and you can only possess it when you set a burning desire to be do have something in life. No one can give it to you. It can change a persons life in many ways. It can change the way you think, and when you become involved with personal development and become a much more positive individual motivation will get you out of your negative environment.

It is the fuel that inspires us to reach our goals and achieve what we truly desire. It also allows us to keep getting up and moving forward when we get knocked down. Getting motivated and staying motivated gives us the energy we require to reach our goals in the shortest amount of time possible. It is required to meet our goals and do anything purposeful in life. Without it you will not want to get out of bed, clean the house, walk the dogs or do anything at all. Being successful in life and motivation go hand in hand. When you learn how to achieve motivation for something you truly desire; nothing can stop you from having it. So think about it; what truly motivates you then take action towards it and watch it become your reality.

There are many ways employers can promote work-life balance in office, some of which are: company outings, offering remote working and flexible hours, providing good health coverage, encouraging employee education.

The Consumer Power And Brand Strategy

What Is Client Eccentricity

Empowering employees like Finance AVP to take control over their work and home lives can have a profound impact on their job satisfaction and performance, enabling companies to achieve success. Achieving work-life balance is a daily challenge. It can be tough to make time for family, friends, community participation, spirituality, personal growth, self-care, and other personal activities, in addition to the demands of the workplace.

How should the practice of business continuity evolve to manage the threats and opportunities faced by organizations today and in the future?

Business resilience is the ability an organization has to quickly adapt to disruptions while maintaining continuous business operations and safeguarding people. The CulturalManagement provides experts to partner with your organization and develop a comprehensive emergency preparedness and disaster management program.

Motivation can be defined in numerous ways, but there are two basic definitions or descriptions. It can be defined as the main reason or reasons that individuals partake in a certain behavior, specifically human behavior pursuant to the study of psychology or neuropsychology. It can also be defined as the driving force that initiates and drives an individual's behavior. It is the internal energy that propels us to achieve our goals. Typically, it is considered to be a dynamic state of mind not concerned with personality.

There are three aspects of human behavior that motivation is based and founded in:

1. arousal of behavior
2. direction of behavior
3. persistence of behavior

Arousal of behavior relates to a specific thing that activates behavior whereas direction of behavior relates to what is responsible for directing the behavior. Persistence of behavior relates to how the behavior is sustained.

What drives an individual to be successful is referred to as motive. Usually, all motives fall into one of three categories and are considered to be physiological or psychological in nature:

1. homeostatic motives - hunger, respiration, thirst, etc.

2. nonhomeostatic motives - curiosity about the environment, seeking shelter, etc.

3. learned or social motives - achievement, approval, power, social affiliation, etc

In any endeavor that an individual undertakes, motivation (or the lack thereof) is the key element behind the success or failure of the endeavor. It plays a key role in the workplace where the effective performance of an employee is concerned. Management or supervisory personnel have a direct impact and play a significant role in employee motivation in that they employ different motivational techniques to raise productivity levels. It also follows that this has a direct effect on the cooperation levels between the employer and the employee.

Motivation can also be classified as

1. negative or positive
2. obvious or subtle
3. intangible or tangible

Education or learning is also interrelated with motivation and instructors will oftentimes employ motivational techniques to get their students to learn. It can benefit the student by making them more competent as well as encouraging confidence and the ability to solve problems.

Self-motivation has also been classified into two different types:

1. Extrinsic - generated by external factors

2. Intrinsic - generated by internal sensations and is longer-lasting than extrinsic

Self-motivation is considered to be intrinsic in nature, and originates from an individual's internal drives. It is the basis for overcoming obstacles in the path of achieving one's goals. Additionally, certain external factors are responsible for driving a person into undertaking a new project or to move in a positive direction. Characteristically, self-motivation is comprised of three factors:

1. beliefs
2. desires
3. values

Since an individual cannot rely on others for motivation, self-motivation has to come from within. It plays a key role wherein the individual gathers the courage and strength to achieve certain goals, and is essential for developing new undertakings or making a positive change in one's lifestyle. Training programs have been proven to be the best way to educate oneself in order to improve motivation and self-motivation.

When a Finance AVP spends the majority of its days on work-related activities and feel as if they are neglecting other important components of their lives, stress and unhappiness result. Thus, you must learn to draw a clear line between your personal and work time and set clear expectations with your colleagues.

Finance Managing Director Team Building For Employees

Work-life balance as a Finance Managing Director is a term used for the idea that an individual needs time for both work and other aspects of life (personal interests, family and leisure activities).

Our schedules are getting busier than ever before, which often causes our work or our personal lives to suffer. The compounding stress of Finance Managing Director from never-ending workday is damaging. It can hurt relationships, health and overall happiness.

Consumer Behaviour And Employee Satisfaction

The best work-life balance is different for each of us because we all have different lives and different priorities. Work-life balance doesn’t mean an equal balance. There is no perfect balance you should be striving for. At the core of work-life balance is meaningful daily Achievement and Enjoyment.

Team Building Quotes For Work

When employees feel a greater sense of control and ownership over their own lives, they tend to have better relationship with management and tend to feel more motivated and less stressed out at work, which in turn increases company productivity and reduces conflicts.

Companies that encourage work-life balance have become very attractive to workers. These companies also tend to enjoy higher employee retention rates and more loyalty. Promoting balance is beneficial to both employees and companies.

"Behaviour is ultimately the product of the brain, the most mysterious organ of them all." Ian Tattersall (from Becoming Human.Evolution and Human Uniqueness, 1998)

The question of why we are motivated to certain behaviours is perhaps one of the most fundamental in Psychology. Since Pavlov described conditioning in dogs in his famous 1927 paper, scientists have pondered the origins of motivations that drive us to action. For most of the early twentieth century, behaviourists like Watson & Skinner sought to explain behaviour in terms of external physical stimuli, suggesting that learned responses, hedonic reward and reinforcement were motives to elicit a particular behaviour. However, this does not tell the whole story. In the last few decades, the school of cognitive psychology has focused on additional mechanisms of motivation: our desires according to social and cultural factors having an influence on behaviour. Furthermore, recent advances in neuroimaging technology have allowed scientists an insight into the vast complexities and modular nature of specific brain regions. This research has shown that behaviours necessary for survival also have an inherent biological basis.

The biological trigger for inherent behaviours such as eating, drinking and temperature control can be traced to the hypothalamus, an area of the diencephalon. This article will explore the hypothalamic role in such motivated behaviours. It is important to note that a motivated behaviour resulting from internal hypothalamic stimuli is only one aspect of what is a complex and integrated response.

The hypothalamus links the autonomic nervous system to the endocrine system and serves many vital functions. It is the homeostatic 'control centre' of the body, maintaining a balanced internal environment by having specific regulatory areas for body temperature, body weight, osmotic balance and blood pressure. It can be categorised as having three main outputs: the autonomic nervous system, the endocrine system and motivated behavioural response. The central role of the hypothalamus in motivated behaviour was proposed as early as 1954 by Eliot Stellar who suggested that "the amount of motivated behaviour is a direct function of the amount of activity in certain excitatory centres of the hypothalamus" (p6). This postulation has inspired a wealth of subsequent research.

Much of this research has been in the field of thermoregulation. The body's ability to maintain a steady internal environment is of critical importance for survivalas many crucialbiochemical reactions will only function within a narrow temperature range. In 1961, Nakayama et al discovered thermosensitive neurons in the medial preoptic area of the hypothalamus. Subsequent research showed that stimulation of the hypothalamic region initiated humoral and visceromotor responses such as panting, shivering, sweating, vasodilation and vasoconstriction. However, somatic motor responses are also initiated by the lateral hypothalamus. It is much more effective to move around, rub your hands together or put on extra clothes if you are feeling cold. Similarly, if you are too warm you might remove some clothing or fan yourself to cool down. These motivated behaviours demonstrate that in contrast to a fixed stimulus response, motivated behaviour stimulated by the hypothalamus has a variable relationship between input and output. This interaction with our external environment may be a 'choice', however it is clear that the motivation to make these choices has a biological basis.

The mechanics of thermoregulation can be explained by what is sometimes referred to as 'drive states'. This is essentially a feedback loop that is initiated by an internal stimulus which requires an external response. Kendal (2000) defines drive states as "characterised by tension and discomfort due to a physiological need followed by relief when the need is satisfied". The process begins with the input. Temperature changes are picked up from peripheral surroundings by thermoreceptive neurons throughout body which sense both warmth and cold separately. An electrical signal (the input) is then sent to the brain. Any divergence from what is known as the 'set point' - in this case a temperature of approx 37° - will then be identified as an 'error signal' by interoceptive neurons in the periventricular region of the hypothalamus. Armed with these measurements and temperature signals being relayed from the blood, the hypothalamus then launches an appropriate error response. This includes motivating behaviour to make a physical adjustment, e.g. to move around or remove surplus clothing in an attempt to control your temperature.

This type of feedback system in the body is common. Other systems necessary for survival such as regulation of blood salt and water levels are regulated in a similar way. However, the processes that motivate us to eat is much more complex.

Humans have evolved an intricate physiological system to regulate food intake which encompasses a myriad of organs, hormones and bodily systems. Furthermore, a wealth of experimental research supports the idea that the hypothalamus plays a key role in this energy homeostasis by triggering feeding behaviours. Controlling energy balance is of crucial importance and eating is primarily to maintain fat stores in the event of food shortage. If fat cell reserves in the body are low, they release a hormone called leptin which is detected as an error signal by the periventricular region of the hypothalamus. This then stimulates the lateral hypothalamus to initiate the error response. In this case, we start to feel hungry which in turns initates the somatic motor response by motivating us to eat.

Since the hypothalamus also controls metabolic rate by monitoring blood sugar levels, in theory we seem to have a similar feedback loop to temperature control. However in practice this is not a reality. The main difficulty in maintaining energy homeostasis is that motivation does not rise solely from internal biological influences. Cultural and social factors also play an important part in motivation about when, what and how often to eat. In western culture, social pressures to be thin can override the need to eat and in extreme cases like anorexia the drive state becomes reversed. The motivation is no longer to eat because they are hungry but is instead not to eat so they do feel hungry. This corruption of the reward system is well documented and is associated with delusions of body image, a concept which is also linked to the hypothalamus and the parietal lobe. Problems can also occur if an individual receives over stimulation to eat. The prevalence of obesity in today's society is testament to this fact.

There are many ways employers can promote work-life balance in office, some of which are: company outings, offering remote working and flexible hours, providing good health coverage, encouraging employee education.

Strategic Supplier Relationships: The Key to Vendor Performance Management

Team Building Discussion Questions

Empowering employees like Finance Managing Director to take control over their work and home lives can have a profound impact on their job satisfaction and performance, enabling companies to achieve success. Achieving work-life balance is a daily challenge. It can be tough to make time for family, friends, community participation, spirituality, personal growth, self-care, and other personal activities, in addition to the demands of the workplace.

How should the practice of business continuity evolve to manage the threats and opportunities faced by organizations today and in the future?

Business resilience is the ability an organization has to quickly adapt to disruptions while maintaining continuous business operations and safeguarding people. The CulturalManagement provides experts to partner with your organization and develop a comprehensive emergency preparedness and disaster management program.

While most companies talk about consumer friendliness, customer centricity, customer relationship etc. more often than not they are mere lip service or jargons with little sincerity behind these grand sounding words.

When a company lacks the sincerity to deal with their customers fairly, some one comes along and puts the company on the dock and though the trial by the customers may be long drawn out it is ultimately the death sentence for the brand or the organizations itself many a times.

There are hundreds of recorded cases of companies going down the tube in spite of the best possible product and high visibility promotions just because they failed to take care of the customers in all sincerity.

Jeremy dorosin and the Starbucks is a case in point where one single customer created a movement and media attention so wide that the company had to close shop.

Starbucks coffee simply refused to acknowledge the genuine grievance of a customer and laughed him off. In spite of their claims of people oriented service, they failed to note a genuine customer complaint. When Jeremy Dorosin went to the media and the internet, millions of affected customer whether of starbucks or other companies joined in to orchestrate their protest against the high handedness of big business? The unfairness was visible when Starbucks painted Jeremy Dorosin as a nut.

The company had to close shop ultimately and we now have the famous term Starbucked out of this customer victory.

Just do a search of the word Jeremy Dorosin in any search engine and you can read all about it.

The point that needs to be raised here is:

Can the customer be used like a whore? Use them and discard them when you feel like. Is he just a number; the more you have the better is your bottom line.

Or is the customer going to be an important component around which your business revolves.

Would you like to shortchange the customer for your short term profits?

Do you react differently to your customer and you as a customer?

Is your entire organization designed to revolve around the customer or only your Sales and Customer Care have to think about them and rest of the organization is trying to beat the customer orientation by an accountant mind set.

These are just the basic questions you need to ask yourself if you want to survive and profit from business. As Peter Drucker said almost 50 years back, Customer is Business.

Decide whether you want run a business or run out of it by forgetting the customer.

When a Finance Managing Director spends the majority of its days on work-related activities and feel as if they are neglecting other important components of their lives, stress and unhappiness result. Thus, you must learn to draw a clear line between your personal and work time and set clear expectations with your colleagues.

IT Snr Manager Tech Team Building

Work-life balance as a IT Snr Manager Tech is a term used for the idea that an individual needs time for both work and other aspects of life (personal interests, family and leisure activities).

Our schedules are getting busier than ever before, which often causes our work or our personal lives to suffer. The compounding stress of IT Snr Manager Tech from never-ending workday is damaging. It can hurt relationships, health and overall happiness.

Vendor Management Software - How It Helps To Manage Vendors

The best work-life balance is different for each of us because we all have different lives and different priorities. Work-life balance doesn’t mean an equal balance. There is no perfect balance you should be striving for. At the core of work-life balance is meaningful daily Achievement and Enjoyment.

Customer Segmentation Using Machine Learning

When employees feel a greater sense of control and ownership over their own lives, they tend to have better relationship with management and tend to feel more motivated and less stressed out at work, which in turn increases company productivity and reduces conflicts.

Companies that encourage work-life balance have become very attractive to workers. These companies also tend to enjoy higher employee retention rates and more loyalty. Promoting balance is beneficial to both employees and companies.

There are businesses that are mostly self-sustained. And then there are businesses that rely heavily on third-party suppliers, otherwise known as vendors. For example, an events management business rely on equipment suppliers, food and beverage suppliers, chairs and tables suppliers, printers and fabricators to be able to deliver a good, seamless and flawless event.

While these types of business typically depend on a set of reliable suppliers that they regularly work with, the best practice still involves exploring other suppliers every time a requirement comes up. Otherwise, there won't be any chance of discovering better and more cost-effective suppliers at all.

For example, an events management company who has done business with the same audio-visual equipment supplier for the past 10 years was bent on using the same supplier for a big event. One day, however, a faxed flyer came in from a fairly new equipment rental company which offered lower rates. When asked for a quote, this new supplier gave rates that were half the cost that the old supplier offered. So automatically, the events management company signed up a new equipment supplier.

Unfortunately, keeping a database of vendors is a challenging task, especially in companies where there is a fast turnover rate. The danger in these companies is that people leave too soon, without getting the chance to endorse to the next person their "red book" of trusted vendors. As a result, the next person has to start from scratch to build up their own database of vendors.

This is where the importance of vendor management software comes in. So what does vendor management software do? It actually serves as a robust database of all the vendors that the company has worked with in the past, as well as those that they intend to work with in the future.

Typical vendor management software has such functions as vendor registration, a vendor approval scheme, risk management functionality, the ability to track vendor visibility and performance. All these are usually linked to a standard billing and invoicing functionality as well.

Does it sound like something that your business needs? Remember though that there are certain things that you need to keep in mind when investing in software. First, you have to make sure that the interface is user-friendly, the security features meet your standards, the report-generation functionality is flexible and robust, and the after-sales support is responsive.

There are many ways employers can promote work-life balance in office, some of which are: company outings, offering remote working and flexible hours, providing good health coverage, encouraging employee education.

What Is Motivation Employee Welfare

How Does Developing A Positive Outlook Strengthen Your Resiliency

Empowering employees like IT Snr Manager Tech to take control over their work and home lives can have a profound impact on their job satisfaction and performance, enabling companies to achieve success. Achieving work-life balance is a daily challenge. It can be tough to make time for family, friends, community participation, spirituality, personal growth, self-care, and other personal activities, in addition to the demands of the workplace.

How should the practice of business continuity evolve to manage the threats and opportunities faced by organizations today and in the future?

Business resilience is the ability an organization has to quickly adapt to disruptions while maintaining continuous business operations and safeguarding people. The CulturalManagement provides experts to partner with your organization and develop a comprehensive emergency preparedness and disaster management program.

Deciphering consumer's behavior is the biggest challenge before the manufacturing companies. The success of any product and service largely depends on the consumer's response and behavior. There is no set test to analyze consumer's behavior. The behavior of consumer is affected by several factors and these factors directly indirectly influence the buyer's behavior. Many scientific methods are followed by the companies to analyze the consumer's behavior.

Consumer behavior is exposed to various factors and these factors directly and indirectly influences a consumer's decision in choosing a particular product. A factor such as motivation, learning, and perception great affects consumer's decision. There are several outer factors such as culture, environment as well.

Companies are spending millions of dollars to examine and analyze the consumer's behavior so that they can design and develop a suitable product for the consumer class.

Earlier it was believed that creative advertisements with the catchy lines have the power to affect consumer's buying behavior but the latest experiment does suggest that environmental cues can influence what you like and buy. According to latest research creating a link between a product and something in the environment will surely motivate the consumer to give a second thought about the products and buy it. Though it cannot be generalized but research has shown that establishing relations between a product and something from your outer world will increase the probability of buying a particular product.

One cannot deny the role of social norms and social factors in affecting consumer's buying behavior. The popularity of brand name attracts people and people often prefer branded product and trust brand name instead of local product. Buying and supporting a brand name give social acceptance. People often go for big brands and latest hot trend while purchasing apparel clothing and other items. The cultural value of the society also effects consumer's buying behavior. Companies are paying close attention to advertising and they are trying to inculcate the socially acceptable factors in their advertisement to make it more appealing and influencing.

Man is a social animal and we have a tendency to discuss and exchange views on several topics. For example, if the product is visible as clothing, shoes, car etc., the influence of reference groups will be high. Reference groups also include opinion leader (a person who influences others by his special skill, knowledge or other characteristics).

People mostly shop with friends and family and the role of family member is crucial in deciding the final purchase decision. If someone is shopping for apparels, clothes or other items the suggestion of husband, wife or kid will play important role in finalizing the deal. Here we should note that the purchase of roles change with the changing lifestyles of consumers.

• Roles and Status

When we analyze environmental factor in influencing consumer's buying behavior we cannot ignore the role and status of that person, purchasing decisions will be influenced by their role and status.

Lifestyle

Customer's lifestyle is another factor affecting import purchasing behavior of consumers. Lifestyle refers to the way a person lives in a society and express things in their environment. It is determined by the client's interests, opinions, etc., and activities shape their whole pattern of acting and interacting in the world.

A human behavior is highly influenced by the culture and subculture he lived in. Factors like religion, nationalities, and geographical regions affects human behavior. Marketing strategist pay special attention subculture factors while creating advertisement so that it could influence the customers' behavior in a positive way. An advertisement contradicting the accepted norms and standard will not produce the desired result. A good analysis of the subculture will help the marketer to design a product according to the needs of a person residing in a specific geographical location.

The consumer's buying behavior is open to several factors including environmental factor, social factor, personal factor, psychological factors. Marketing strategist and product developers are paying close attention to these factors so that they can come up with the right kind of product and improve the sales of the products.

Consumers for retail goods go with family or friends. I would like to bifurcate as - personal goods such as clothing, cameras, PCs likewise a consumer go to buy along with friends. White goods like refrigerators, Air conditioners the consumer would like to take along family members.

When a IT Snr Manager Tech spends the majority of its days on work-related activities and feel as if they are neglecting other important components of their lives, stress and unhappiness result. Thus, you must learn to draw a clear line between your personal and work time and set clear expectations with your colleagues.

Finance Snr Manager Employee Productivity

Work-life balance as a Finance Snr Manager is a term used for the idea that an individual needs time for both work and other aspects of life (personal interests, family and leisure activities).

Our schedules are getting busier than ever before, which often causes our work or our personal lives to suffer. The compounding stress of Finance Snr Manager from never-ending workday is damaging. It can hurt relationships, health and overall happiness.

What Is Motivation Employee Welfare

The best work-life balance is different for each of us because we all have different lives and different priorities. Work-life balance doesn’t mean an equal balance. There is no perfect balance you should be striving for. At the core of work-life balance is meaningful daily Achievement and Enjoyment.

10 Ways To Encourage A Healthy Work-Life Balance For Employees

When employees feel a greater sense of control and ownership over their own lives, they tend to have better relationship with management and tend to feel more motivated and less stressed out at work, which in turn increases company productivity and reduces conflicts.

Companies that encourage work-life balance have become very attractive to workers. These companies also tend to enjoy higher employee retention rates and more loyalty. Promoting balance is beneficial to both employees and companies.

There's an old supply-chain saying that goes, 'A vendor gives you the best 'deal,' while a strategic partner gives you the highest quality at the lowest cost.' This adage sets the stage for this article on Strategic Supplier Relationships ('SSR') also known as Supplier Relationship Management ('SRM'). SSR is defined as a comprehensive approach to managing the interactions and communications between an enterprise and its suppliers. The goal of SSR is to effectively streamline and make more efficient the communication and interaction between an enterprise and its suppliers. This is accomplished through increased process efficiency related to the acquiring of goods and services, the managing of inventory, purchase order processing, and the management of materials. The benefits of SSR are lower costs, less administrative burden, increased productivity, and a more integrated supply-chain. With margins within the food industry being squeezed, it is ever so important to manage COGS (cost of goods sold) aggressively, thereby increasing profitability. The objective of this article is to shed some light on how SSR might reduce costs and administrative burden, while increasing margins. There are well published examples of companies using SSR to enhance the strategic relationship between buyers and suppliers. In essence, SSR can be accomplished by following these rules of engagement:

1. Carefully evaluate and choose strategic suppliers. When choosing a strategic partner, be sure to take a close look at their business, including such things as:

- Financial stability (D&B)

- Client references

- Proximity to your network

- Management depth

- Years in business

- Use of technology (EDI)

- Cultural fit

2. Develop a clear set of expectations. Before signing an agreement with a supplier, be sure there are clear rules and expectations, including specific tasks you demand them to accomplish. There must be clear roles and nothing must be left to interpretation in terms of responsibilities.

3. Define goals and performance targets. Specific key performance indicators (KPI's) must be developed and tracked to compare suppliers and keep them on track. KPI's such as on-time delivery, expected lead time, freight terms, etc. must be included in a quarterly report-card for each supplier. When setting targets for performance, use the SMART method for developing goals. Each goal must be:

Specific,

Measurable,

Attainable,

Realistic, and

Timely

4. Monitor and rank supplier performance. It's always a good idea to use a scorecard to monitor supplier performance. Additionally, ranking suppliers from best to worst and sharing this data will go a long way to improve performance (nobody wants to be at the bottom of the report).

5. Conduct annual reviews for continuous improvement. Finally, be sure to meet with your suppliers to solicit ideas on how to improve productivity, reduce administrative burden, increase the use of technology, and lower costs.

Conclusion

A comprehensive strategic supplier management program will result in a significant reduction in administrative burden, lower cost of goods, and ultimately, improved profitability. The first step is to establish the baseline of existing suppliers in terms of volumes, frequency, and costs. Next, develop a clear set of expectations, goals, and key performance indicators to monitor quarterly. Finally, be sure to meet with your strategic partners frequently to pick their brains about ways to improve productivity or reduce costs. Additionally, be sure you spend some time teaching your suppliers about the culture at your company and the strategic plans for growth. When taken seriously, the steps outlined in this article will not only improve supplier relationships and lower costs, but will also have a positive impact on profitability. So, remember, vendors are things of the past; strategic partners are what make a difference!

There are many ways employers can promote work-life balance in office, some of which are: company outings, offering remote working and flexible hours, providing good health coverage, encouraging employee education.

4 Customer Centric Culture Building Blocks

Customer Lifetime Value Machine Learning

Empowering employees like Finance Snr Manager to take control over their work and home lives can have a profound impact on their job satisfaction and performance, enabling companies to achieve success. Achieving work-life balance is a daily challenge. It can be tough to make time for family, friends, community participation, spirituality, personal growth, self-care, and other personal activities, in addition to the demands of the workplace.

How should the practice of business continuity evolve to manage the threats and opportunities faced by organizations today and in the future?

Business resilience is the ability an organization has to quickly adapt to disruptions while maintaining continuous business operations and safeguarding people. The CulturalManagement provides experts to partner with your organization and develop a comprehensive emergency preparedness and disaster management program.

While most companies talk about consumer friendliness, customer centricity, customer relationship etc. more often than not they are mere lip service or jargons with little sincerity behind these grand sounding words.

When a company lacks the sincerity to deal with their customers fairly, some one comes along and puts the company on the dock and though the trial by the customers may be long drawn out it is ultimately the death sentence for the brand or the organizations itself many a times.

There are hundreds of recorded cases of companies going down the tube in spite of the best possible product and high visibility promotions just because they failed to take care of the customers in all sincerity.

Jeremy dorosin and the Starbucks is a case in point where one single customer created a movement and media attention so wide that the company had to close shop.

Starbucks coffee simply refused to acknowledge the genuine grievance of a customer and laughed him off. In spite of their claims of people oriented service, they failed to note a genuine customer complaint. When Jeremy Dorosin went to the media and the internet, millions of affected customer whether of starbucks or other companies joined in to orchestrate their protest against the high handedness of big business? The unfairness was visible when Starbucks painted Jeremy Dorosin as a nut.

The company had to close shop ultimately and we now have the famous term Starbucked out of this customer victory.

Just do a search of the word Jeremy Dorosin in any search engine and you can read all about it.

The point that needs to be raised here is:

Can the customer be used like a whore? Use them and discard them when you feel like. Is he just a number; the more you have the better is your bottom line.

Or is the customer going to be an important component around which your business revolves.

Would you like to shortchange the customer for your short term profits?

Do you react differently to your customer and you as a customer?

Is your entire organization designed to revolve around the customer or only your Sales and Customer Care have to think about them and rest of the organization is trying to beat the customer orientation by an accountant mind set.

These are just the basic questions you need to ask yourself if you want to survive and profit from business. As Peter Drucker said almost 50 years back, Customer is Business.

Decide whether you want run a business or run out of it by forgetting the customer.

When a Finance Snr Manager spends the majority of its days on work-related activities and feel as if they are neglecting other important components of their lives, stress and unhappiness result. Thus, you must learn to draw a clear line between your personal and work time and set clear expectations with your colleagues.

Information Technology Tools Suppliers Relationship

Work-life balance as a Information Technology Tools is a term used for the idea that an individual needs time for both work and other aspects of life (personal interests, family and leisure activities).

Our schedules are getting busier than ever before, which often causes our work or our personal lives to suffer. The compounding stress of Information Technology Tools from never-ending workday is damaging. It can hurt relationships, health and overall happiness.

Vendor Management - The RFP Process

The best work-life balance is different for each of us because we all have different lives and different priorities. Work-life balance doesn’t mean an equal balance. There is no perfect balance you should be striving for. At the core of work-life balance is meaningful daily Achievement and Enjoyment.

Consumer Behavior In Economics

When employees feel a greater sense of control and ownership over their own lives, they tend to have better relationship with management and tend to feel more motivated and less stressed out at work, which in turn increases company productivity and reduces conflicts.

Companies that encourage work-life balance have become very attractive to workers. These companies also tend to enjoy higher employee retention rates and more loyalty. Promoting balance is beneficial to both employees and companies.

The Consumer Market comprises all individuals and households who buy or acquire goods and services for personal consumption - for themselves, family, guests, relatives, friends.

Consumer Buying Behaviour refers to the buying behaviour of final consumers (individuals & households) who buy goods and services for personal consumption. We need to understand consumer behaviour to answer the question: "How do consumers respond to marketing efforts the company might use?"

The buying Decision Process consists of five steps: Recognition of Need, Information Search, Evaluation of Alternatives, Purchase Decision and Post-Purchase Behaviour / Evaluation.

Factors Influencing Consumer Behaviour

Personal Factors
Age
Life cycle stage
Occupation
Economic situation
Personality & Self Concept
Life style identification

Psychological Factors
Motivation: a need becomes a motive when it is strong enough to propel us to act, to seek satisfaction
Perception: process by which we select, organize and interpret information to form a picture of the world
Learning: changes in behaviour arising from experience
Beliefs: a descriptive thought about something
Attitudes: consistent / enduring favourable / unfavourable evaluations, feelings, and tendencies towards something

Freud's Theory: A motive (or drive) is a need that is sufficiently pressing to direct the person to seek satisfaction. Sigmund Freud assumed people are largely unconscious about the real psychological forces shaping their behaviour... He saw the person as growing up and repressing many urges - these are never eliminated or under perfect control - they emerge in dreams, in slips of the tongue, in neurotic and obsessive behaviour or ultimately in psychoses. Freud suggested that a person does not fully understand his or her motivation.

Frederick Herzberg's two factor theory of satisfiers and dissatisfiers states that the absence of dissatisfiers is not enough - satisfiers must also be present for products to be purchased. In other words, marketers should do their best to avoid dissatisfiers, while identifying major satisfiers or motivators and providing them.

Social Factors
Family is the most important consumer buying unit in any society or market... family members being the most important / influential primary reference group.
Family of orientation: parents, siblings - strong influence on consumption habits that last a lifetime.
Family of procreation: spouse, children - where there are issues of dominance and influence in decision including purchase and consumption.

Reference Groups are groups with whom a person associates and who influence the person's attitudes, values, behaviour, consumption habits... Membership group are those that have a direct influence.
Primary group: continuous, informal interaction - family, friends, neighbours, colleagues
Secondary group: religious, professional, trade union...
Aspirational group: those a person hopes to join
Dissociative group: those whose values or behaviour a person rejects

Social Roles & Status: A role consists of activities a person is expected to perform in society. Each role carries a status. People select products & brands that reflect their role and actual / desired status in society. Marketers need to be aware of the status symbol potential of products & brands.

There are many ways employers can promote work-life balance in office, some of which are: company outings, offering remote working and flexible hours, providing good health coverage, encouraging employee education.

Strategic Supplier Relationships: The Key to Vendor Performance Management

Why Customer Centricity Is Important

Empowering employees like Information Technology Tools to take control over their work and home lives can have a profound impact on their job satisfaction and performance, enabling companies to achieve success. Achieving work-life balance is a daily challenge. It can be tough to make time for family, friends, community participation, spirituality, personal growth, self-care, and other personal activities, in addition to the demands of the workplace.

How should the practice of business continuity evolve to manage the threats and opportunities faced by organizations today and in the future?

Business resilience is the ability an organization has to quickly adapt to disruptions while maintaining continuous business operations and safeguarding people. The CulturalManagement provides experts to partner with your organization and develop a comprehensive emergency preparedness and disaster management program.

Motivation can be defined in numerous ways, but there are two basic definitions or descriptions. It can be defined as the main reason or reasons that individuals partake in a certain behavior, specifically human behavior pursuant to the study of psychology or neuropsychology. It can also be defined as the driving force that initiates and drives an individual's behavior. It is the internal energy that propels us to achieve our goals. Typically, it is considered to be a dynamic state of mind not concerned with personality.

There are three aspects of human behavior that motivation is based and founded in:

1. arousal of behavior
2. direction of behavior
3. persistence of behavior

Arousal of behavior relates to a specific thing that activates behavior whereas direction of behavior relates to what is responsible for directing the behavior. Persistence of behavior relates to how the behavior is sustained.

What drives an individual to be successful is referred to as motive. Usually, all motives fall into one of three categories and are considered to be physiological or psychological in nature:

1. homeostatic motives - hunger, respiration, thirst, etc.

2. nonhomeostatic motives - curiosity about the environment, seeking shelter, etc.

3. learned or social motives - achievement, approval, power, social affiliation, etc

In any endeavor that an individual undertakes, motivation (or the lack thereof) is the key element behind the success or failure of the endeavor. It plays a key role in the workplace where the effective performance of an employee is concerned. Management or supervisory personnel have a direct impact and play a significant role in employee motivation in that they employ different motivational techniques to raise productivity levels. It also follows that this has a direct effect on the cooperation levels between the employer and the employee.

Motivation can also be classified as

1. negative or positive
2. obvious or subtle
3. intangible or tangible

Education or learning is also interrelated with motivation and instructors will oftentimes employ motivational techniques to get their students to learn. It can benefit the student by making them more competent as well as encouraging confidence and the ability to solve problems.

Self-motivation has also been classified into two different types:

1. Extrinsic - generated by external factors

2. Intrinsic - generated by internal sensations and is longer-lasting than extrinsic

Self-motivation is considered to be intrinsic in nature, and originates from an individual's internal drives. It is the basis for overcoming obstacles in the path of achieving one's goals. Additionally, certain external factors are responsible for driving a person into undertaking a new project or to move in a positive direction. Characteristically, self-motivation is comprised of three factors:

1. beliefs
2. desires
3. values

Since an individual cannot rely on others for motivation, self-motivation has to come from within. It plays a key role wherein the individual gathers the courage and strength to achieve certain goals, and is essential for developing new undertakings or making a positive change in one's lifestyle. Training programs have been proven to be the best way to educate oneself in order to improve motivation and self-motivation.

When a Information Technology Tools spends the majority of its days on work-related activities and feel as if they are neglecting other important components of their lives, stress and unhappiness result. Thus, you must learn to draw a clear line between your personal and work time and set clear expectations with your colleagues.

HR Managing Director Customer Centric Selling

Work-life balance as a HR Managing Director is a term used for the idea that an individual needs time for both work and other aspects of life (personal interests, family and leisure activities).

Our schedules are getting busier than ever before, which often causes our work or our personal lives to suffer. The compounding stress of HR Managing Director from never-ending workday is damaging. It can hurt relationships, health and overall happiness.

Importance of Tertiary Sales Visibility in FMCG Industry

The best work-life balance is different for each of us because we all have different lives and different priorities. Work-life balance doesn’t mean an equal balance. There is no perfect balance you should be striving for. At the core of work-life balance is meaningful daily Achievement and Enjoyment.

10 Ways To Encourage A Healthy Work-Life Balance For Employees

When employees feel a greater sense of control and ownership over their own lives, they tend to have better relationship with management and tend to feel more motivated and less stressed out at work, which in turn increases company productivity and reduces conflicts.

Companies that encourage work-life balance have become very attractive to workers. These companies also tend to enjoy higher employee retention rates and more loyalty. Promoting balance is beneficial to both employees and companies.

Deciphering consumer's behavior is the biggest challenge before the manufacturing companies. The success of any product and service largely depends on the consumer's response and behavior. There is no set test to analyze consumer's behavior. The behavior of consumer is affected by several factors and these factors directly indirectly influence the buyer's behavior. Many scientific methods are followed by the companies to analyze the consumer's behavior.

Consumer behavior is exposed to various factors and these factors directly and indirectly influences a consumer's decision in choosing a particular product. A factor such as motivation, learning, and perception great affects consumer's decision. There are several outer factors such as culture, environment as well.

Companies are spending millions of dollars to examine and analyze the consumer's behavior so that they can design and develop a suitable product for the consumer class.

Earlier it was believed that creative advertisements with the catchy lines have the power to affect consumer's buying behavior but the latest experiment does suggest that environmental cues can influence what you like and buy. According to latest research creating a link between a product and something in the environment will surely motivate the consumer to give a second thought about the products and buy it. Though it cannot be generalized but research has shown that establishing relations between a product and something from your outer world will increase the probability of buying a particular product.

One cannot deny the role of social norms and social factors in affecting consumer's buying behavior. The popularity of brand name attracts people and people often prefer branded product and trust brand name instead of local product. Buying and supporting a brand name give social acceptance. People often go for big brands and latest hot trend while purchasing apparel clothing and other items. The cultural value of the society also effects consumer's buying behavior. Companies are paying close attention to advertising and they are trying to inculcate the socially acceptable factors in their advertisement to make it more appealing and influencing.

Man is a social animal and we have a tendency to discuss and exchange views on several topics. For example, if the product is visible as clothing, shoes, car etc., the influence of reference groups will be high. Reference groups also include opinion leader (a person who influences others by his special skill, knowledge or other characteristics).

People mostly shop with friends and family and the role of family member is crucial in deciding the final purchase decision. If someone is shopping for apparels, clothes or other items the suggestion of husband, wife or kid will play important role in finalizing the deal. Here we should note that the purchase of roles change with the changing lifestyles of consumers.

• Roles and Status

When we analyze environmental factor in influencing consumer's buying behavior we cannot ignore the role and status of that person, purchasing decisions will be influenced by their role and status.

Lifestyle

Customer's lifestyle is another factor affecting import purchasing behavior of consumers. Lifestyle refers to the way a person lives in a society and express things in their environment. It is determined by the client's interests, opinions, etc., and activities shape their whole pattern of acting and interacting in the world.

A human behavior is highly influenced by the culture and subculture he lived in. Factors like religion, nationalities, and geographical regions affects human behavior. Marketing strategist pay special attention subculture factors while creating advertisement so that it could influence the customers' behavior in a positive way. An advertisement contradicting the accepted norms and standard will not produce the desired result. A good analysis of the subculture will help the marketer to design a product according to the needs of a person residing in a specific geographical location.

The consumer's buying behavior is open to several factors including environmental factor, social factor, personal factor, psychological factors. Marketing strategist and product developers are paying close attention to these factors so that they can come up with the right kind of product and improve the sales of the products.

Consumers for retail goods go with family or friends. I would like to bifurcate as - personal goods such as clothing, cameras, PCs likewise a consumer go to buy along with friends. White goods like refrigerators, Air conditioners the consumer would like to take along family members.

There are many ways employers can promote work-life balance in office, some of which are: company outings, offering remote working and flexible hours, providing good health coverage, encouraging employee education.

Factors Affecting Consumer Behavior

WHAT CAN BE DONE TO Increase CONSUMER AWARENESS

Empowering employees like HR Managing Director to take control over their work and home lives can have a profound impact on their job satisfaction and performance, enabling companies to achieve success. Achieving work-life balance is a daily challenge. It can be tough to make time for family, friends, community participation, spirituality, personal growth, self-care, and other personal activities, in addition to the demands of the workplace.

How should the practice of business continuity evolve to manage the threats and opportunities faced by organizations today and in the future?

Business resilience is the ability an organization has to quickly adapt to disruptions while maintaining continuous business operations and safeguarding people. The CulturalManagement provides experts to partner with your organization and develop a comprehensive emergency preparedness and disaster management program.

We select our store locations. We select our staff. We select the merchandise to carry; and along those lines, we select our vendors. Selecting the correct vendors - in addition to managing these vendors during the selection process and beyond - can often be the difference between making your store profitable or simply providing real estate for the vendors to sell their goods. It is time to manage your vendors!

So... raise your hand if you have ever conducted a thorough Request For Proposal (RFP) process for you vendors. Anyone? In truth, not many have to the extent that you evaluate multiple vendors, creating competition for space in your store. How you manage the RFP process can and will set the tone for all your go-forward vendors. A well-thought out process to vendor selection, can provide real opportunities for you in the following areas:

Rebates: Did you know that vendors offer rebates based on product placement; rack allowances; product movement and other considerations? In some cases, the vendor receives manufacturing rebates that you need to ensure are passed onto you. The RFP Process ensures you identify and capture your fair share.

Incentives: The vendor is in your store for one thing - to sell their product. Meeting the goals of the vendors should only be achieved if they are aligned with your goals. What types of incentives do you vendors provide you in order to meet that goal? Work with the vendor to establish incentives for each party that foster alignment.

Deliveries: You pay for delivery whether you believe that or not. Manage the amount of deliveries to your store on a weekly basis so that you have enough inventory on hand, but not so much that you are paying full-load delivery fees for partial deliveries. You may want to consider adjustments based on seasonality.

Never Out of Basics: All stores carry that "MUST HAVE" product that you can never be out of - ever! Identify your "must have" products and ensure that you and your vendor have a clear understanding on the ramifications if any of these products are ever out of stock. Build in financial penalties for the vendor if you are shorted product on your core offerings.

Marketing: Identify programs and investments that your vendor partner will make in advertising and promoting their products. These should be managed in concert with your overall marketing of your store and determined jointly with the vendor to ensure their financial obligation, as well as timing.

Payment Terms: Standard policy is net 30 days, but have you inquired about discounts if you pay earlier? In some cases, the squeaky wheel gets the oil and if you are in a position to negotiate more favorable payment terms, do so.

Product Returns: Have you established a specific contractual obligation on product or damaged returns? Re-slotting fees and other incremental mark-ups by your vendor with regard to returned products could eat away at your gross profit. In addition, now is the time to establish the process for replacing damaged products.

Contract Terms: How long are you committed to this vendor and what are the "out clauses" in the contract should a better vendor come along? The best place to negotiate this is during the RFP process when the vendor is hungry for your business.

Mark-Ups: Every product you purchase comes with a corresponding markup - or the manufacturer/vendor profit. Most of these markups are determined by a category of products as opposed by the product SKU. Knowing your industry markup ranges by category will better prepare you in establishing the best cost structure for your product acquisition.

Conducting a thorough RFP Process is critical for establishing not only your pricing structure with your vendors but also in developing the process in which business is conducted. Remember, vendors are in YOUR store and it is up to you to determine the roles that each of them play. If you do not take control of your vendors from the onset, you will face an uphill battle within your own store. Or as Winston Churchill once said, "he who fails to plan is planning to fail."

When a HR Managing Director spends the majority of its days on work-related activities and feel as if they are neglecting other important components of their lives, stress and unhappiness result. Thus, you must learn to draw a clear line between your personal and work time and set clear expectations with your colleagues.

Sales And Marketing Tools Job Satisfaction

Work-life balance as a Sales And Marketing Tools is a term used for the idea that an individual needs time for both work and other aspects of life (personal interests, family and leisure activities).

Our schedules are getting busier than ever before, which often causes our work or our personal lives to suffer. The compounding stress of Sales And Marketing Tools from never-ending workday is damaging. It can hurt relationships, health and overall happiness.

Customer Retention is Boosted by Customer-Centric Culture

The best work-life balance is different for each of us because we all have different lives and different priorities. Work-life balance doesn’t mean an equal balance. There is no perfect balance you should be striving for. At the core of work-life balance is meaningful daily Achievement and Enjoyment.

How To Build Resilience At Work

When employees feel a greater sense of control and ownership over their own lives, they tend to have better relationship with management and tend to feel more motivated and less stressed out at work, which in turn increases company productivity and reduces conflicts.

Companies that encourage work-life balance have become very attractive to workers. These companies also tend to enjoy higher employee retention rates and more loyalty. Promoting balance is beneficial to both employees and companies.

We select our store locations. We select our staff. We select the merchandise to carry; and along those lines, we select our vendors. Selecting the correct vendors - in addition to managing these vendors during the selection process and beyond - can often be the difference between making your store profitable or simply providing real estate for the vendors to sell their goods. It is time to manage your vendors!

So... raise your hand if you have ever conducted a thorough Request For Proposal (RFP) process for you vendors. Anyone? In truth, not many have to the extent that you evaluate multiple vendors, creating competition for space in your store. How you manage the RFP process can and will set the tone for all your go-forward vendors. A well-thought out process to vendor selection, can provide real opportunities for you in the following areas:

Rebates: Did you know that vendors offer rebates based on product placement; rack allowances; product movement and other considerations? In some cases, the vendor receives manufacturing rebates that you need to ensure are passed onto you. The RFP Process ensures you identify and capture your fair share.

Incentives: The vendor is in your store for one thing - to sell their product. Meeting the goals of the vendors should only be achieved if they are aligned with your goals. What types of incentives do you vendors provide you in order to meet that goal? Work with the vendor to establish incentives for each party that foster alignment.

Deliveries: You pay for delivery whether you believe that or not. Manage the amount of deliveries to your store on a weekly basis so that you have enough inventory on hand, but not so much that you are paying full-load delivery fees for partial deliveries. You may want to consider adjustments based on seasonality.

Never Out of Basics: All stores carry that "MUST HAVE" product that you can never be out of - ever! Identify your "must have" products and ensure that you and your vendor have a clear understanding on the ramifications if any of these products are ever out of stock. Build in financial penalties for the vendor if you are shorted product on your core offerings.

Marketing: Identify programs and investments that your vendor partner will make in advertising and promoting their products. These should be managed in concert with your overall marketing of your store and determined jointly with the vendor to ensure their financial obligation, as well as timing.

Payment Terms: Standard policy is net 30 days, but have you inquired about discounts if you pay earlier? In some cases, the squeaky wheel gets the oil and if you are in a position to negotiate more favorable payment terms, do so.

Product Returns: Have you established a specific contractual obligation on product or damaged returns? Re-slotting fees and other incremental mark-ups by your vendor with regard to returned products could eat away at your gross profit. In addition, now is the time to establish the process for replacing damaged products.

Contract Terms: How long are you committed to this vendor and what are the "out clauses" in the contract should a better vendor come along? The best place to negotiate this is during the RFP process when the vendor is hungry for your business.

Mark-Ups: Every product you purchase comes with a corresponding markup - or the manufacturer/vendor profit. Most of these markups are determined by a category of products as opposed by the product SKU. Knowing your industry markup ranges by category will better prepare you in establishing the best cost structure for your product acquisition.

Conducting a thorough RFP Process is critical for establishing not only your pricing structure with your vendors but also in developing the process in which business is conducted. Remember, vendors are in YOUR store and it is up to you to determine the roles that each of them play. If you do not take control of your vendors from the onset, you will face an uphill battle within your own store. Or as Winston Churchill once said, "he who fails to plan is planning to fail."

There are many ways employers can promote work-life balance in office, some of which are: company outings, offering remote working and flexible hours, providing good health coverage, encouraging employee education.

Relationship Versus Vendor Management

Best Recruitment And Selection Process

Empowering employees like Sales And Marketing Tools to take control over their work and home lives can have a profound impact on their job satisfaction and performance, enabling companies to achieve success. Achieving work-life balance is a daily challenge. It can be tough to make time for family, friends, community participation, spirituality, personal growth, self-care, and other personal activities, in addition to the demands of the workplace.

How should the practice of business continuity evolve to manage the threats and opportunities faced by organizations today and in the future?

Business resilience is the ability an organization has to quickly adapt to disruptions while maintaining continuous business operations and safeguarding people. The CulturalManagement provides experts to partner with your organization and develop a comprehensive emergency preparedness and disaster management program.

One of the basics of all marketing and advertising training is a teaching of "Maslow's needs pyramid". This pyramid shows the different motivators and needs in a person's life and how they are built one upon the other. Supposedly this is presented to help the marketing student understand consumer motivation and thinking. The problem is I've never seen it applied, in the text books. It's presented as the foundation of human motivation and then it's dropped.

I'd like to present to you a way to use Maslow's needs pyramid so that you can get inside the consumer's mind and develop an understanding of what's truly motivating them as they consider purchasing your product or service.

Maslow's needs pyramid present human needs such that each need is pursued and met before the next level of needs can be considered; they build upon one another. The needs from most basic to most complex are:

- physiological needs: food, shelter, sex

- safety needs: clothing, weapons, defense of self

- social needs: social acceptance

- esteem needs: acceptance of self by self

- fulfillment needs: a feeling of having and fulfilling a purpose

So the question is, "How do we use this paradigm to get inside the consumer's head?"

Let's consider a personal fitness training service. Here's how it works at the most basic level. Place yourself in the position of the consumer and think as if you are considering hiring a personal fitness trainer.

1. How will personal fitness training impact my acquisition and use of food? Of shelter? Of sexual behavior? (Now you see why sex is used in marketing so many products - we react to it instinctually)

2. How will personal fitness training impact my personal safety?
- you'll be in better shape and can run faster from a mugger, perhaps.

3. How will personal fitness training positively impact my standing in society? In my social circle? Access to different social circles?

4. How will personal fitness training positively impact how I think about myself?

5. Will personal fitness training have an impact on my personal sense of fulfillment?

I understand that most consumers, will ask themselves these types of questions without really thinking about them. The answers you develop as you purposely ask yourselves these types of questions will give you insight in the processes a consumer may consider or be susceptible to as they are considering purchasing personal fitness training services.

This process will also help you define ways to market that will get consumers to consider your personal fitness training service if they are not. Using Maslow's needs pyramid helps you target your marketing. It is the foundation of:

Getting Attention

Developing Interest

Creating Desire

Facilitating Commitment

Motivating to Action

If you can use Maslow's needs pyramid to get inside the head of the consumer by running it through a filter of questions like the one's I've presented above you'll have a tangible marketing advantage because you now can respond to your consumer's internal dialogue.

Using this type of filtering process can also help you create need in those that have not yet developed an interest in your product or service. Simply put yourself in the consumer's place and present you're marketing to them in such a way as to answer or resolve each need in the hierarchy.

Maslow's needs pyramid is a powerful tool that is taught to every marketing and advertising student in the world but it must be understood and applied if it's to actually be useful. Try using Maslow's marketing filter the next time you are considering a marketing campaign. It'll help you get a better grip on what the consumer is thinking and feeling.

When a Sales And Marketing Tools spends the majority of its days on work-related activities and feel as if they are neglecting other important components of their lives, stress and unhappiness result. Thus, you must learn to draw a clear line between your personal and work time and set clear expectations with your colleagues.

Sales And Marketing Director Employee Welfare

Work-life balance as a Sales And Marketing Director is a term used for the idea that an individual needs time for both work and other aspects of life (personal interests, family and leisure activities).

Our schedules are getting busier than ever before, which often causes our work or our personal lives to suffer. The compounding stress of Sales And Marketing Director from never-ending workday is damaging. It can hurt relationships, health and overall happiness.

The Consumer Power And Brand Strategy

The best work-life balance is different for each of us because we all have different lives and different priorities. Work-life balance doesn’t mean an equal balance. There is no perfect balance you should be striving for. At the core of work-life balance is meaningful daily Achievement and Enjoyment.

Customer Lifetime Value Machine Learning

When employees feel a greater sense of control and ownership over their own lives, they tend to have better relationship with management and tend to feel more motivated and less stressed out at work, which in turn increases company productivity and reduces conflicts.

Companies that encourage work-life balance have become very attractive to workers. These companies also tend to enjoy higher employee retention rates and more loyalty. Promoting balance is beneficial to both employees and companies.

Is your organization customer-focused? As the economy regains strength, consumers will feel comfortable spending more. By fortifying your customer engagement approach now, you can position your organization to take full advantage of the eventual upturn. Fostering customer engagement is also the most effective way to recover lost customers and acquire new ones. This is because fully engaged customers recruit new customers for you - they are enthusiastic about the service you provide and recommend you to others. If you can create a customer-centric organization, you can successfully generate fully engaged customers (as well as higher profits).

There are two key variables in engineering a customer-centric organization: customer engagement and employee engagement. Through Customer Engagement Management (CEM), you can take practical steps to increase customer engagement. Although nearly any organization can improve customer engagement through CEM, we have found that customer engagement scores improve even further when organizations also use Employee Engagement Management (EEM). EEM practices create a healthy organizational culture in the workplace so that your employees feel passionate about their work. Although some immediate actions can be taken to improve employee engagement, EEM will likely involve a longer process of internal change and growth.

Customer Engagement
Generally, an engaged customer is one who actively supports a service or product. Customer engagement is more than just brand loyalty where customers are simply making exclusive purchases; instead, engaged customers are supporting the company by buying more products and services and telling others to do the same. In short, the key to a successful business is engaged customers -- people who enthusiastically endorse what you do.

Unfortunately, many organizations fail to recognize how their own procedures create apathetic customers. For instance, many organizations suffer from a lack of consistency regarding customer contact. Nothing is more frustrating for a customer than having three different encounters with three different employees in three different ways over a single issue. It's easy to see how customers are willing to switch brands when faced with such poor customer service.

A customer-centric organization wouldn't expect its customers to navigate such complex communication structures. Customer-centric companies focus on the customer throughout everything they do. A CEM solution for such a problem would begin with getting feedback from customers to find out how they feel, ideally at the individual level and through statistically reliable market research. To do this you must identify the customer touch points within your organization and contact customers after an experience with these touch points to get their feedback. If you do this, you will have both individual customer feedback and begin to see larger trends and areas for focus. View your product or service as a real customer would. Don't generalize or stereotype; instead, recruit actual customer to help you accurately visualize your product. By doing this, you'll remove the focus from "the company" and put it on the customer--exactly where it needs to be.

Employee Engagement
Whether they realize it or not, customers make most of their decisions based on their emotions--how they're feeling at a given point in time--which is why employee engagement is a crucial ingredient in creating a customer-centric culture. If employees are engaged, their interactions with customers will be genuine, not coerced or forced. Customers recognize and are pleased with such sincere service. As such, one of the major factors in increasing customer engagement is employee engagement.

The first step to engaging employees is realizing that there is not a one-size-fits-all solution for every organization. Since every company's organizational culture is different, every company's employee engagement solution should look different as well. Your employees are unique, so your EEM solution should begin with asking staff about their experience at the organization and then incorporating a management solution that allows managers to take action to meet employee needs.

With an increase in employee engagement, you're likely to experience an increase in customer engagement. And with that, you'll no doubt enjoy success.

~Monica Nolan, 2009

There are many ways employers can promote work-life balance in office, some of which are: company outings, offering remote working and flexible hours, providing good health coverage, encouraging employee education.

Marketing in a Recession? How Consumer Behavior Tips Can Bring in Bigger Profits Despite the Economy

Why Customer Centricity Is Important

Empowering employees like Sales And Marketing Director to take control over their work and home lives can have a profound impact on their job satisfaction and performance, enabling companies to achieve success. Achieving work-life balance is a daily challenge. It can be tough to make time for family, friends, community participation, spirituality, personal growth, self-care, and other personal activities, in addition to the demands of the workplace.

How should the practice of business continuity evolve to manage the threats and opportunities faced by organizations today and in the future?

Business resilience is the ability an organization has to quickly adapt to disruptions while maintaining continuous business operations and safeguarding people. The CulturalManagement provides experts to partner with your organization and develop a comprehensive emergency preparedness and disaster management program.

Deciphering consumer's behavior is the biggest challenge before the manufacturing companies. The success of any product and service largely depends on the consumer's response and behavior. There is no set test to analyze consumer's behavior. The behavior of consumer is affected by several factors and these factors directly indirectly influence the buyer's behavior. Many scientific methods are followed by the companies to analyze the consumer's behavior.

Consumer behavior is exposed to various factors and these factors directly and indirectly influences a consumer's decision in choosing a particular product. A factor such as motivation, learning, and perception great affects consumer's decision. There are several outer factors such as culture, environment as well.

Companies are spending millions of dollars to examine and analyze the consumer's behavior so that they can design and develop a suitable product for the consumer class.

Earlier it was believed that creative advertisements with the catchy lines have the power to affect consumer's buying behavior but the latest experiment does suggest that environmental cues can influence what you like and buy. According to latest research creating a link between a product and something in the environment will surely motivate the consumer to give a second thought about the products and buy it. Though it cannot be generalized but research has shown that establishing relations between a product and something from your outer world will increase the probability of buying a particular product.

One cannot deny the role of social norms and social factors in affecting consumer's buying behavior. The popularity of brand name attracts people and people often prefer branded product and trust brand name instead of local product. Buying and supporting a brand name give social acceptance. People often go for big brands and latest hot trend while purchasing apparel clothing and other items. The cultural value of the society also effects consumer's buying behavior. Companies are paying close attention to advertising and they are trying to inculcate the socially acceptable factors in their advertisement to make it more appealing and influencing.

Man is a social animal and we have a tendency to discuss and exchange views on several topics. For example, if the product is visible as clothing, shoes, car etc., the influence of reference groups will be high. Reference groups also include opinion leader (a person who influences others by his special skill, knowledge or other characteristics).

People mostly shop with friends and family and the role of family member is crucial in deciding the final purchase decision. If someone is shopping for apparels, clothes or other items the suggestion of husband, wife or kid will play important role in finalizing the deal. Here we should note that the purchase of roles change with the changing lifestyles of consumers.

• Roles and Status

When we analyze environmental factor in influencing consumer's buying behavior we cannot ignore the role and status of that person, purchasing decisions will be influenced by their role and status.

Lifestyle

Customer's lifestyle is another factor affecting import purchasing behavior of consumers. Lifestyle refers to the way a person lives in a society and express things in their environment. It is determined by the client's interests, opinions, etc., and activities shape their whole pattern of acting and interacting in the world.

A human behavior is highly influenced by the culture and subculture he lived in. Factors like religion, nationalities, and geographical regions affects human behavior. Marketing strategist pay special attention subculture factors while creating advertisement so that it could influence the customers' behavior in a positive way. An advertisement contradicting the accepted norms and standard will not produce the desired result. A good analysis of the subculture will help the marketer to design a product according to the needs of a person residing in a specific geographical location.

The consumer's buying behavior is open to several factors including environmental factor, social factor, personal factor, psychological factors. Marketing strategist and product developers are paying close attention to these factors so that they can come up with the right kind of product and improve the sales of the products.

Consumers for retail goods go with family or friends. I would like to bifurcate as - personal goods such as clothing, cameras, PCs likewise a consumer go to buy along with friends. White goods like refrigerators, Air conditioners the consumer would like to take along family members.

When a Sales And Marketing Director spends the majority of its days on work-related activities and feel as if they are neglecting other important components of their lives, stress and unhappiness result. Thus, you must learn to draw a clear line between your personal and work time and set clear expectations with your colleagues.

Head Of Finance Newton Team Building For Employees

Work-life balance as a Head Of Finance Newton is a term used for the idea that an individual needs time for both work and other aspects of life (personal interests, family and leisure activities).

Our schedules are getting busier than ever before, which often causes our work or our personal lives to suffer. The compounding stress of Head Of Finance Newton from never-ending workday is damaging. It can hurt relationships, health and overall happiness.

Strategic Supplier Relationships: The Key to Vendor Performance Management

The best work-life balance is different for each of us because we all have different lives and different priorities. Work-life balance doesn’t mean an equal balance. There is no perfect balance you should be striving for. At the core of work-life balance is meaningful daily Achievement and Enjoyment.

Stress Management For Employees

When employees feel a greater sense of control and ownership over their own lives, they tend to have better relationship with management and tend to feel more motivated and less stressed out at work, which in turn increases company productivity and reduces conflicts.

Companies that encourage work-life balance have become very attractive to workers. These companies also tend to enjoy higher employee retention rates and more loyalty. Promoting balance is beneficial to both employees and companies.

Consumers are beginning to change their views regarding moving. The motivation for consumers to move is shifting from the financial aspect to the needs of the consumer. A significant segment of the population has moved to take advantage of the low interest rates that have been available. These consumers have moved to achieve a higher quality of life without the higher monthly payment that usually accompanies it. They move because it makes financial sense to do so.

According to a survey conducted by Harris Interactive:

25% of Americans in the market for a new home cite a life change as the reason for their move. Consumers are citing retirement location, new baby, divorce, or a new job as their primary motivation for moving.

As Agents, we can find out about these people through our past clients and sphere. These people in our database hold the key to accessing a larger segment of new business.

The best way to more effectively find out about moving trends and increase referrals from our past clients and sphere is to ask more specifically. Most Agents have been trained by sales trainers to ask for referrals globally. They use techniques like "Oh, by the way" or "Do you know of anyone who needs my services?". These techniques all work slightly to generate referrals, but they are not very effective.

To really achieve the Championship level in referrals, you have to ask specifically. We have to ask our past clients and sphere about the people they know: those who are expecting a new baby, someone who has gotten a job promotion or job transfer. We must position ourselves well ahead of the transaction, not just in the transaction.

Teaching and mobilizing your past clients and sphere takes you beyond the gimmick technique referral process. You can contact and interact with the prospect at the earliest stage possible. You can become a resource when they need help making the decision, rather than just being there once the decision is made. With this approach, you provide a higher level of service to the prospect and future client.

In the survey:

18% wanted a larger home or more property.

16% want a home as an investment.

12% want to rid themselves of the conditions that come with renting.

7% want to receive the tax benefits home ownership brings.

All these key reasons the consumers are using to make their purchase can be discovered with a more in-depth relationship and in-depth questions of your sphere and past clients. We need to move beyond the surface level of our relationship with our past clients and sphere.

Finally, interest rates seem to be the secondary driving factor in moving. Focus on the primary reasons outlined above. This will ensure a strong finish to your year.

There are many ways employers can promote work-life balance in office, some of which are: company outings, offering remote working and flexible hours, providing good health coverage, encouraging employee education.

Relationship Versus Vendor Management

Vendor Relationship Management Interview Questions

Empowering employees like Head Of Finance Newton to take control over their work and home lives can have a profound impact on their job satisfaction and performance, enabling companies to achieve success. Achieving work-life balance is a daily challenge. It can be tough to make time for family, friends, community participation, spirituality, personal growth, self-care, and other personal activities, in addition to the demands of the workplace.

How should the practice of business continuity evolve to manage the threats and opportunities faced by organizations today and in the future?

Business resilience is the ability an organization has to quickly adapt to disruptions while maintaining continuous business operations and safeguarding people. The CulturalManagement provides experts to partner with your organization and develop a comprehensive emergency preparedness and disaster management program.

"Behaviour is ultimately the product of the brain, the most mysterious organ of them all." Ian Tattersall (from Becoming Human.Evolution and Human Uniqueness, 1998)

The question of why we are motivated to certain behaviours is perhaps one of the most fundamental in Psychology. Since Pavlov described conditioning in dogs in his famous 1927 paper, scientists have pondered the origins of motivations that drive us to action. For most of the early twentieth century, behaviourists like Watson & Skinner sought to explain behaviour in terms of external physical stimuli, suggesting that learned responses, hedonic reward and reinforcement were motives to elicit a particular behaviour. However, this does not tell the whole story. In the last few decades, the school of cognitive psychology has focused on additional mechanisms of motivation: our desires according to social and cultural factors having an influence on behaviour. Furthermore, recent advances in neuroimaging technology have allowed scientists an insight into the vast complexities and modular nature of specific brain regions. This research has shown that behaviours necessary for survival also have an inherent biological basis.

The biological trigger for inherent behaviours such as eating, drinking and temperature control can be traced to the hypothalamus, an area of the diencephalon. This article will explore the hypothalamic role in such motivated behaviours. It is important to note that a motivated behaviour resulting from internal hypothalamic stimuli is only one aspect of what is a complex and integrated response.

The hypothalamus links the autonomic nervous system to the endocrine system and serves many vital functions. It is the homeostatic 'control centre' of the body, maintaining a balanced internal environment by having specific regulatory areas for body temperature, body weight, osmotic balance and blood pressure. It can be categorised as having three main outputs: the autonomic nervous system, the endocrine system and motivated behavioural response. The central role of the hypothalamus in motivated behaviour was proposed as early as 1954 by Eliot Stellar who suggested that "the amount of motivated behaviour is a direct function of the amount of activity in certain excitatory centres of the hypothalamus" (p6). This postulation has inspired a wealth of subsequent research.

Much of this research has been in the field of thermoregulation. The body's ability to maintain a steady internal environment is of critical importance for survivalas many crucialbiochemical reactions will only function within a narrow temperature range. In 1961, Nakayama et al discovered thermosensitive neurons in the medial preoptic area of the hypothalamus. Subsequent research showed that stimulation of the hypothalamic region initiated humoral and visceromotor responses such as panting, shivering, sweating, vasodilation and vasoconstriction. However, somatic motor responses are also initiated by the lateral hypothalamus. It is much more effective to move around, rub your hands together or put on extra clothes if you are feeling cold. Similarly, if you are too warm you might remove some clothing or fan yourself to cool down. These motivated behaviours demonstrate that in contrast to a fixed stimulus response, motivated behaviour stimulated by the hypothalamus has a variable relationship between input and output. This interaction with our external environment may be a 'choice', however it is clear that the motivation to make these choices has a biological basis.

The mechanics of thermoregulation can be explained by what is sometimes referred to as 'drive states'. This is essentially a feedback loop that is initiated by an internal stimulus which requires an external response. Kendal (2000) defines drive states as "characterised by tension and discomfort due to a physiological need followed by relief when the need is satisfied". The process begins with the input. Temperature changes are picked up from peripheral surroundings by thermoreceptive neurons throughout body which sense both warmth and cold separately. An electrical signal (the input) is then sent to the brain. Any divergence from what is known as the 'set point' - in this case a temperature of approx 37° - will then be identified as an 'error signal' by interoceptive neurons in the periventricular region of the hypothalamus. Armed with these measurements and temperature signals being relayed from the blood, the hypothalamus then launches an appropriate error response. This includes motivating behaviour to make a physical adjustment, e.g. to move around or remove surplus clothing in an attempt to control your temperature.

This type of feedback system in the body is common. Other systems necessary for survival such as regulation of blood salt and water levels are regulated in a similar way. However, the processes that motivate us to eat is much more complex.

Humans have evolved an intricate physiological system to regulate food intake which encompasses a myriad of organs, hormones and bodily systems. Furthermore, a wealth of experimental research supports the idea that the hypothalamus plays a key role in this energy homeostasis by triggering feeding behaviours. Controlling energy balance is of crucial importance and eating is primarily to maintain fat stores in the event of food shortage. If fat cell reserves in the body are low, they release a hormone called leptin which is detected as an error signal by the periventricular region of the hypothalamus. This then stimulates the lateral hypothalamus to initiate the error response. In this case, we start to feel hungry which in turns initates the somatic motor response by motivating us to eat.

Since the hypothalamus also controls metabolic rate by monitoring blood sugar levels, in theory we seem to have a similar feedback loop to temperature control. However in practice this is not a reality. The main difficulty in maintaining energy homeostasis is that motivation does not rise solely from internal biological influences. Cultural and social factors also play an important part in motivation about when, what and how often to eat. In western culture, social pressures to be thin can override the need to eat and in extreme cases like anorexia the drive state becomes reversed. The motivation is no longer to eat because they are hungry but is instead not to eat so they do feel hungry. This corruption of the reward system is well documented and is associated with delusions of body image, a concept which is also linked to the hypothalamus and the parietal lobe. Problems can also occur if an individual receives over stimulation to eat. The prevalence of obesity in today's society is testament to this fact.

When a Head Of Finance Newton spends the majority of its days on work-related activities and feel as if they are neglecting other important components of their lives, stress and unhappiness result. Thus, you must learn to draw a clear line between your personal and work time and set clear expectations with your colleagues.

IT Consultant Paya Lebar Team Building

Work-life balance as a IT Consultant Paya Lebar is a term used for the idea that an individual needs time for both work and other aspects of life (personal interests, family and leisure activities).

Our schedules are getting busier than ever before, which often causes our work or our personal lives to suffer. The compounding stress of IT Consultant Paya Lebar from never-ending workday is damaging. It can hurt relationships, health and overall happiness.

Vendor Risk Management

The best work-life balance is different for each of us because we all have different lives and different priorities. Work-life balance doesn’t mean an equal balance. There is no perfect balance you should be striving for. At the core of work-life balance is meaningful daily Achievement and Enjoyment.

How Can Singaporeans Achieve Better Work-life Balance?

When employees feel a greater sense of control and ownership over their own lives, they tend to have better relationship with management and tend to feel more motivated and less stressed out at work, which in turn increases company productivity and reduces conflicts.

Companies that encourage work-life balance have become very attractive to workers. These companies also tend to enjoy higher employee retention rates and more loyalty. Promoting balance is beneficial to both employees and companies.

Look at how times have changed. There was a time when the purpose of having a contract between vendor and a vendee was simply to establish the terms of their relationship and the manner by which prospective business relationship is to be conducted. Remember the old days of a deal with just a handshake? How about "my word is my bond"? Those days are long gone and one must protect the company from any shady deals.

As soon as the terms of the contract are spelled out which are simple, concise and straightforward, you are ready to affix your signature and seal the agreement. That is basically contract management in a nutshell.

However, if you are talking of software license agreements, things will be quite different from your conventional contracts and the application of the principles related to vendor management will have a different complexion. If you are availing of one of these software packages which are governed by license agreements then it is essential that you spend a moment to study the fine prints of the terms and conditions as it is important that you understand every detail of its provision. This is how the principles of contract management are applied under agreements involving the purchase of software packages.

An effective contract management involving software packages will require you to focus on the prices and other legal provisions that are included in the agreement. The price is usually cited in the legal disclaimers about system performance and quality. This section of the contract is an essential component and it is important that you analyze if you are satisfied would this kind of relationship as what is indicated is what you will receive and nothing more. In your approach for relevant principles and techniques of vendor management, it is important that you are aware of what the vendor commits to provide you and the legal remedies available to you in case of disputes and disagreements.

It is imperative that you consider all provisions including those outside the contract price and major legal issues. If you feel that the contract presented by a vendor seems to be disadvantageous or deficient in substance in protecting your interest, the problem is not in the contract. There are some things that you might have missed during the negotiation that preceded the contract. Most of us have the tendency of focusing our attention on the more obvious aspects of the transaction and leave everything to the lawyer. In the end, we find ourselves with a contract which does not meet our expectation. In most cases, what we have as a contract is deficient or lacking in provisions on compliance to schedule, performance of the vendor and cost control.

So, what are the important things that you have to tackle in a negotiation? Obviously, you will have to agree on the contract price of the software package. Over and beyond the price consideration and other related issues, you have to focus extensively on the functionality and support services that you want the vendor to provide under the proposed agreement. You should remember that what is being sold is a collection of ideas and not a tangible and physical product. Its importance is determined by product's ability in providing the functionality that you need within a specified time frame and with the level of quality that you can not achieve using your existing manpower and capabilities.

There are many ways employers can promote work-life balance in office, some of which are: company outings, offering remote working and flexible hours, providing good health coverage, encouraging employee education.

The Consumer Power And Brand Strategy

Team Building Ideas For Work

Empowering employees like IT Consultant Paya Lebar to take control over their work and home lives can have a profound impact on their job satisfaction and performance, enabling companies to achieve success. Achieving work-life balance is a daily challenge. It can be tough to make time for family, friends, community participation, spirituality, personal growth, self-care, and other personal activities, in addition to the demands of the workplace.

How should the practice of business continuity evolve to manage the threats and opportunities faced by organizations today and in the future?

Business resilience is the ability an organization has to quickly adapt to disruptions while maintaining continuous business operations and safeguarding people. The CulturalManagement provides experts to partner with your organization and develop a comprehensive emergency preparedness and disaster management program.

Consumer behavior refers to the selection, purchase and consumption of goods and services for the satisfaction of their wants. There are different processes involved in the consumer behavior. Initially the consumer tries to find what commodities he would like to consume, then he selects only those commodities that promise greater utility. After selecting the commodities, the consumer makes an estimate of the available money which he can spend. Lastly, the consumer analyzes the prevailing prices of commodities and takes the decision about the commodities he should consume. Meanwhile, there are various other factors influencing the purchases of consumer such as social, cultural, personal and psychological. The explanation of these factors is given below.

1. Cultural Factors

Consumer behavior is deeply influenced by cultural factors such as: buyer culture, subculture, and social class.

• Culture

Basically, culture is the part of every society and is the important cause of person wants and behavior. The influence of culture on buying behavior varies from country to country therefore marketers have to be very careful in analyzing the culture of different groups, regions or even countries.

• Subculture

Each culture contains different subcultures such as religions, nationalities, geographic regions, racial groups etc. Marketers can use these groups by segmenting the market into various small portions. For example marketers can design products according to the needs of a particular geographic group.

• Social Class

Every society possesses some form of social class which is important to the marketers because the buying behavior of people in a given social class is similar. In this way marketing activities could be tailored according to different social classes. Here we should note that social class is not only determined by income but there are various other factors as well such as: wealth, education, occupation etc.

2. Social Factors

Social factors also impact the buying behavior of consumers. The important social factors are: reference groups, family, role and status.

• Reference Groups

Reference groups have potential in forming a person attitude or behavior. The impact of reference groups varies across products and brands. For example if the product is visible such as dress, shoes, car etc then the influence of reference groups will be high. Reference groups also include opinion leader (a person who influences other because of his special skill, knowledge or other characteristics).

• Family

Buyer behavior is strongly influenced by the member of a family. Therefore marketers are trying to find the roles and influence of the husband, wife and children. If the buying decision of a particular product is influenced by wife then the marketers will try to target the women in their advertisement. Here we should note that buying roles change with change in consumer lifestyles.

• Roles and Status

Each person possesses different roles and status in the society depending upon the groups, clubs, family, organization etc. to which he belongs. For example a woman is working in an organization as finance manager. Now she is playing two roles, one of finance manager and other of mother. Therefore her buying decisions will be influenced by her role and status.

3. Personal Factors

Personal factors can also affect the consumer behavior. Some of the important personal factors that influence the buying behavior are: lifestyle, economic situation, occupation, age, personality and self concept.

• Age

Age and life-cycle have potential impact on the consumer buying behavior. It is obvious that the consumers change the purchase of goods and services with the passage of time. Family life-cycle consists of different stages such young singles, married couples, unmarried couples etc which help marketers to develop appropriate products for each stage.

• Occupation

The occupation of a person has significant impact on his buying behavior. For example a marketing manager of an organization will try to purchase business suits, whereas a low level worker in the same organization will purchase rugged work clothes.

• Economic Situation

Consumer economic situation has great influence on his buying behavior. If the income and savings of a customer is high then he will purchase more expensive products. On the other hand, a person with low income and savings will purchase inexpensive products.

• Lifestyle

Lifestyle of customers is another import factor affecting the consumer buying behavior. Lifestyle refers to the way a person lives in a society and is expressed by the things in his/her surroundings. It is determined by customer interests, opinions, activities etc and shapes his whole pattern of acting and interacting in the world.

• Personality

Personality changes from person to person, time to time and place to place. Therefore it can greatly influence the buying behavior of customers. Actually, Personality is not what one wears; rather it is the totality of behavior of a man in different circumstances. It has different characteristics such as: dominance, aggressiveness, self-confidence etc which can be useful to determine the consumer behavior for particular product or service.

4. Psychological Factors

There are four important psychological factors affecting the consumer buying behavior. These are: perception, motivation, learning, beliefs and attitudes.

• Motivation

The level of motivation also affects the buying behavior of customers. Every person has different needs such as physiological needs, biological needs, social needs etc. The nature of the needs is that, some of them are most pressing while others are least pressing. Therefore a need becomes a motive when it is more pressing to direct the person to seek satisfaction.

• Perception

Selecting, organizing and interpreting information in a way to produce a meaningful experience of the world is called perception. There are three different perceptual processes which are selective attention, selective distortion and selective retention. In case of selective attention, marketers try to attract the customer attention. Whereas, in case of selective distortion, customers try to interpret the information in a way that will support what the customers already believe. Similarly, in case of selective retention, marketers try to retain information that supports their beliefs.

• Beliefs and Attitudes

Customer possesses specific belief and attitude towards various products. Since such beliefs and attitudes make up brand image and affect consumer buying behavior therefore marketers are interested in them. Marketers can change the beliefs and attitudes of customers by launching special campaigns in this regard.

When a IT Consultant Paya Lebar spends the majority of its days on work-related activities and feel as if they are neglecting other important components of their lives, stress and unhappiness result. Thus, you must learn to draw a clear line between your personal and work time and set clear expectations with your colleagues.