Being a member of Executives Forum you would know employee job satisfaction is one of the key goals of all successful companies. Happy employees are more loyal to the company and its vision. They go the extra mile to achieve company goals.
Dissatisfied workers experience lower productivity in the workplace, poorer performance, more job stress, and higher turnover rates. Moreover, low job satisfaction can result in low morale and low loyalty to the company itself and to any outside Executives Forum.
Job satisfaction is defined as the extent to which employees feel self-motivated and satisfied with their job. Employee satisfaction covers the basic concerns and needs of employees, and is essential to the success of any business. Job satisfaction is a combination of intrinsic (kind of work) and extrinsic (working condition) factors. Salary, promotion, work-life balance, recognition and appraisals are important factors to be considered in employee satisfaction.
Make strategic decisions to create a culture of engagement and satisfaction. Engaged employees have a strong sense of purpose and leadership. They add value by pushing limits, driving growth and innovation. Employee satisfaction is one of the key metric that can help determine overall health of an organization, which is why many organizations employ regular surveys to measure and track employee satisfaction over time. As a Executives Forum you would understand that this is one way to assess whether your team is happy and engaged at work. It is critical for employee retention. Sadly, CulturalManagement has observed that this has decreased significantly over the past twenty years.
At CulturalManagement we guide you on how to easily collect and understand employee feedback to create an action plan that works. Few ways a company can improve employee job satisfaction:
- Provide a positive working environment.
- Rewards and recognition.
- Make work-life balance a priority.
- Develop skills and potential of workforce.
- Create open and honest communication channels.
Even though the traditional mom and pop retail shops have been getting a lot of attention in recent times, it is the trend of Specialty Stores [Modern Trade Retail Chains] that is really taking off. The Specialty Stores promise big business to the FMCG companies, all thanks to the ever changing attitude of majority of consumers who prefer to shop from specialized stores like Wal-Mart, Spencers, Reliance Retail, Big Bazaar and many more when compared to the stand-alone stores.
Attesting to the fact that consumers have changed their buying perspectives does not make things easier for the FMCG companies. This focus shift has also made the consumer behavior more volatile. An attractive TVC, schemes that work on a buy some get some free model, discounts offered, or a fall in price is enough for the consumer to choose a brand. In a situation as fragile and fickle as this, tracking the sales till the consumption level is very critical for strategic decision making.
Why Specialty Stores are capturing all the Attention of FMCG Industry?
Specialty Stores are the bulk buyers of fast moving & over-the-counter (OTC) products. With thousands of prospective consumers visiting these stores daily, and the evident fact that such products are better exposed and have higher probability of getting sold in small time-frame due to very competitive cost, Specialty Stores have emerged as the hub of attention by sales and marketing strategists of FMCG companies.
Leveraging IT is not an alien concept to majority of the FMCG players, but that often stops till the National Distributors, Stock Keeping Units, or at maximum, the distributor / micro distributor level. To track the ever-changing consumer buying behavior, it is essential to traverse down till the Tertiary level or till a level when the product reaches the hands of the consumers.
In a hypothetical example where the manufacturer of a healthcare product like a disinfectant has a robust method in place, may be a top-notch ERP, to track its Primary product movement and product sale from manufacturer to C & F agent and distributor simultaneously. Some companies also track the secondary level sales from distributor to the sub-distributors; but the last and the most crucial level loses its significance due to multiple challenges in data collection and touch-points. With little knowledge on how consumers are behaving to this disinfectant, the continuous production of the product can come out as a major loss to the manufacturer.
Tracking Sales at Tertiary Level hence becomes one of the key criterions in analyzing:
- Consumer buying behavior
- Production Planning
- Strategies in the distribution channels & route plan
- Limitations in consumer knowledge that influence decisions
- Product Packaging plan
- How consumer motivation and product development decision strategies co-relate
- How manufacturers can adapt and improve their marketing campaigns and strategies to reach the consumer more effectively
Tracking the sales manually at any given level is not possible. Unlike the sale of home appliances or electronic items that is relatively slow, the FMCG products sell quickly and in great numbers. They also have varied product categories & SKUs which make it impossible for the FMCG manufacturer to tap the data. Automating the process becomes a mandate; with companies like CalvinKare, Britannia, India Pistons, etc. already cashing on this IT advancement.
Tertiary Sales is a great criteria for knowing the consumer buying behavior, which inadvertently also acts as product testimonial. Drawing inference from the same example of a disinfectant, a sudden drop in its sale at the tertiary level will help you analyze the reasons- and when you know the "reasons", there is nothing stopping you from improving your sales.
Consumer behavior refers to the selection, purchase and consumption of goods and services for the satisfaction of their wants. There are different processes involved in the consumer behavior. Initially the consumer tries to find what commodities he would like to consume, then he selects only those commodities that promise greater utility. After selecting the commodities, the consumer makes an estimate of the available money which he can spend. Lastly, the consumer analyzes the prevailing prices of commodities and takes the decision about the commodities he should consume. Meanwhile, there are various other factors influencing the purchases of consumer such as social, cultural, personal and psychological. The explanation of these factors is given below.
1. Cultural Factors
Consumer behavior is deeply influenced by cultural factors such as: buyer culture, subculture, and social class.
Basically, culture is the part of every society and is the important cause of person wants and behavior. The influence of culture on buying behavior varies from country to country therefore marketers have to be very careful in analyzing the culture of different groups, regions or even countries.
Each culture contains different subcultures such as religions, nationalities, geographic regions, racial groups etc. Marketers can use these groups by segmenting the market into various small portions. For example marketers can design products according to the needs of a particular geographic group.
• Social Class
Every society possesses some form of social class which is important to the marketers because the buying behavior of people in a given social class is similar. In this way marketing activities could be tailored according to different social classes. Here we should note that social class is not only determined by income but there are various other factors as well such as: wealth, education, occupation etc.
2. Social Factors
Social factors also impact the buying behavior of consumers. The important social factors are: reference groups, family, role and status.
• Reference Groups
Reference groups have potential in forming a person attitude or behavior. The impact of reference groups varies across products and brands. For example if the product is visible such as dress, shoes, car etc then the influence of reference groups will be high. Reference groups also include opinion leader (a person who influences other because of his special skill, knowledge or other characteristics).
Buyer behavior is strongly influenced by the member of a family. Therefore marketers are trying to find the roles and influence of the husband, wife and children. If the buying decision of a particular product is influenced by wife then the marketers will try to target the women in their advertisement. Here we should note that buying roles change with change in consumer lifestyles.
• Roles and Status
Each person possesses different roles and status in the society depending upon the groups, clubs, family, organization etc. to which he belongs. For example a woman is working in an organization as finance manager. Now she is playing two roles, one of finance manager and other of mother. Therefore her buying decisions will be influenced by her role and status.
3. Personal Factors
Personal factors can also affect the consumer behavior. Some of the important personal factors that influence the buying behavior are: lifestyle, economic situation, occupation, age, personality and self concept.
Age and life-cycle have potential impact on the consumer buying behavior. It is obvious that the consumers change the purchase of goods and services with the passage of time. Family life-cycle consists of different stages such young singles, married couples, unmarried couples etc which help marketers to develop appropriate products for each stage.
The occupation of a person has significant impact on his buying behavior. For example a marketing manager of an organization will try to purchase business suits, whereas a low level worker in the same organization will purchase rugged work clothes.
• Economic Situation
Consumer economic situation has great influence on his buying behavior. If the income and savings of a customer is high then he will purchase more expensive products. On the other hand, a person with low income and savings will purchase inexpensive products.
Lifestyle of customers is another import factor affecting the consumer buying behavior. Lifestyle refers to the way a person lives in a society and is expressed by the things in his/her surroundings. It is determined by customer interests, opinions, activities etc and shapes his whole pattern of acting and interacting in the world.
Personality changes from person to person, time to time and place to place. Therefore it can greatly influence the buying behavior of customers. Actually, Personality is not what one wears; rather it is the totality of behavior of a man in different circumstances. It has different characteristics such as: dominance, aggressiveness, self-confidence etc which can be useful to determine the consumer behavior for particular product or service.
4. Psychological Factors
There are four important psychological factors affecting the consumer buying behavior. These are: perception, motivation, learning, beliefs and attitudes.
The level of motivation also affects the buying behavior of customers. Every person has different needs such as physiological needs, biological needs, social needs etc. The nature of the needs is that, some of them are most pressing while others are least pressing. Therefore a need becomes a motive when it is more pressing to direct the person to seek satisfaction.
Selecting, organizing and interpreting information in a way to produce a meaningful experience of the world is called perception. There are three different perceptual processes which are selective attention, selective distortion and selective retention. In case of selective attention, marketers try to attract the customer attention. Whereas, in case of selective distortion, customers try to interpret the information in a way that will support what the customers already believe. Similarly, in case of selective retention, marketers try to retain information that supports their beliefs.
• Beliefs and Attitudes
Customer possesses specific belief and attitude towards various products. Since such beliefs and attitudes make up brand image and affect consumer buying behavior therefore marketers are interested in them. Marketers can change the beliefs and attitudes of customers by launching special campaigns in this regard.
- Chief Marketing Offer Consumer Motivation
- CIO Jurong East Customer Centric Selling
- IT Consultant Paya Lebar Team Building
- Head Of Finance Newton Team Building For Employees
- Sales And Marketing Director Employee Welfare
- Sales And Marketing Tools Job Satisfaction
- HR Managing Director Customer Centric Selling
- Information Technology Tools Suppliers Relationship
- Finance Snr Manager Employee Productivity
- IT Snr Manager Tech Team Building
- Finance Managing Director Team Building For Employees
- Finance AVP Job Satisfaction